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Project Description

The problem of archaeological site identification is a significant issue in the development of research in both archaeology and the field of conservation where the goal is to protect and manage archaeological heritage. 

The main aim of the proposed project is to identify, verify and conduct an inventory of the archaeological resources in the Bobolice region (West Pomeranian Voivodeship) using the latest non-invasive prospection methods.  The following five AZP (The Polish Archaeological Record) zones are to be investigated: zones 18-24, 18-25, 18-26, 19-24, 19-25.

A further aim of the project regarding the above is to determine the scientific value of the actual methods themselves and the data they provide in relation to the conservation, management and protection of archaeological heritage. Additionally, the project attempts to evaluate the possibilities of using the information generated to  disseminate knowledge and raise awareness of archaeological heritage resources  throughout wider society as well as how such resources can be utilised in developing regional tourism.

The project integrates several field prospection methods in order to create a comprehensive inventory of the area under investigation. Data on archaeological sites will be gathered using five basic methods: (1) airborne laser scanning measurements (LIDAR) based on data from ISOK (IT System of the Country's Protection against extreme hazards); (2) analysis of satellite images of selected areas; (3) aerial survey; (4) verifying field-walking prospection; (5) geophysical survey of selected archaeological sites.

In Poland, the most common prospection method for many years has been field-walking survey within the AZP framework and although this method has  proven to be valuable  it does have  serious limitations. Most effective when used to survey accessible open areas,  field-walking is less successful in forested areas.

As field-walking surveys are unable to answer certain questions, it is clear that other, more effective prospection methods need to be applied. One particularly useful method here, amongst others, is aerial survey. Aerial photography makes the identification of ancient features possible. The specific location, area covered and functional nature of the features lying under the surface can be determined. Aerial photographs are also valuable in terms of cognitive, promotional and educational aspects though these have yet to be fully exploited.

Satellite remote-sensing, that is the analysis of the images this produces, will provide additional information on the identification and verification of archaeological resources in the Bobolice region. This is a non-standard method  which makes it possible to survey larger areas and uncover sites across the satellite catchment zone which would otherwise be very difficult to identify visually.

Archaeological survey encounters a major problem in the Bobolice region as a lot of the surface area forested. The application of other prospection methods which allow better detection of the archaeological resources is particularly useful in the case of forested areas. Airborne laser scanning (ALS) within the ISOK framework,  makes it possible to penetrate wooded zones systematically. Thanks to this method it will be possible to identify and mark the precise location of archaeological sites and features in a given area, to determine the context in which they have been found, the state of preservation and any possible threats. 

Geophysical prospection is likewise an important element of this study. This method is based on the identification of anomalies in electromagnetic radiation caused by specific archaeological features. The application of the geophysical method on selected sites will provide more detailed identification of archaeological features and make it possible to determine the level of damage in relation to conservation options. It will also deliver spectacular illustrative material in the form of 3D visualisations, which can then be exploited in promotional campaigns.

This project is innovative in its methodological  (scientific-technological) and analytical approach. Analysis of the data acquired via the various prospection methods applied will lead  to consideration of how effective these methods are whilst taking both their potential and limitations into account. It will also focus attention on the fact that these methods must be integrated in order to gain a comprehensive interpretation of the area and help create appropriate conditions for the promotion of this type of practice within archaeological milieux. It seems the effectiveness of the proposed methods and the benefits emerging from their integration is significant in shaping conservation policies (conservation aims), knowledge about the past (educational aims) and in disseminating information on archaeological resources. It is also a fundamental point in raising awareness of the need to protect archaeological heritage and  of its economic value regarding regional tourism development (promotional aims).
 

PREDICTED QUALITATIVE RESULTS OF THE PROJECT

The predicted results of particular stages of this project emerge from the implementation of scientific, conservation, educational and outreach objectives. The measurable direct results of the project are:

- the expansion of the source data base on the archaeological heritage resources of the Bobolice region: the verification, identification and inventory of the archaeological heritage including resources located in forested areas which have so far  been difficult to access or indeed inaccessible to traditional archaeological prospection methods;

- the creation of a digital data base on archaeological resources in the Bobolice region: the data will be made available to the district conservator of monuments, the WUOZ (Voivodeship Conservator of Monuments Office) and NID (National Heritage Board of Poland), and it will also aid the implementation of the latest archaeological heritage protection and management policies;

- indication of the potential of the integrated application of particular non-invasive prospection methods in the identification of archaeological structures;

- a detailed survey of selected archaeological sites featuring high cognitive value;

- indication of potential threats to archaeological heritage, connected to human activity and natural processes;

- the creation of a scientific basis for the proper protection and management of archaeological heritage;

- determination of the potential of the archeological resources in the studied region in relation to tourism and how they can be exploited to promote the local area.
 



Projekt finansowany przez Ministerstwo Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego, w ramach programu Dziedzictwo kulturowe - priorytet 5 - Ochrona zabytków archeolo- gicznych, koordynowany przez Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa: nr zadania 3805/14
 
 
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PROJEKT GRAFICZNY: ROBERT DEMARCZYK, WYKONANIE: ANDRZEJ LESZCZEWICZ, POZNAŃ 2014